Before jumping into discussions about racism and privilege, it's important to educate yourself on these topics

It is really important you do your background research, so you more fully understand the ideas you are attempting to get across

State (your) intention clearly at the beginning of the conversation, so the person engaging with you is clear about the goals as well

Arnold says this is helpful for two reasons: The conversation is never as bad as people think it's going to be if you preface it that way and it invites the other person to do the same

It's helpful to use an angle that the other person has an interest in because it may help them to listen or understand

Always engaging with questions versus telling," Arnold said. "Because it always puts people back on their heels

Arnold explains that facts are "worthy to look at," but using human-focused stories and examples can be more powerful

Only focusing on individual narratives misses the ways that racism is fundamentally about institutions, policies, systems and structures